Quick Answer: How Profitable Is Hay Farming?

How much does a farmer get for a bale of hay?

Large round bales of hay are selling for $75 to $90 per ton higher than a year ago, McGill says.

Specifically, alfalfa-grade hay bales are priced between $140 and $165 per ton, while grass, midquality hay bales are selling for $125 to $150 per ton..

How many times a year can you harvest hay?

Depending on the soil condition, hay type and when it is sowed and harvested, it may be possible to get two or even three cuttings of hay in one year. Once the hay is cut and dry, it is time for baling.

How many acres do you need to grow hay?

Horse farmers are looking for good hay, and they’re willing to pay for it. Here was the thought, on 50 acres you would get 100 square bales per acre, which is a conservative number. If we do the math, that works out to be. 100 bales x 50 acres = 5000 bales of hay for 50 acres of land.

Can you make money on a small farm?

With proper planning and a strong local farmers market, you should be able to bring in around $500 a week in gross sales. Take out expenses, and after 4 markets a month you’ve netted around $1000. The downside…the best time for sales is in the summer when most people would rather be in the garden than in the kitchen.

How many small bales of hay can you get per acre?

100 balesWith an average bale weight of around 40 pounds (with our Abbriata small square baler or any of our mini round balers), that’s 100 bales to the acre for a first cutting.

Is Hay a cash crop?

Over the last few years many hay acres have been planted to cash grain crops. … Combining fewer acres in hay production with decreased forage yields, the supply of hay is low. Consequently, hay prices are strong and in demand.

How much money does a hay farmer make?

The average pay for a Hay Farmer is $57,135 a year and $27 an hour in the United States. The average salary range for a Hay Farmer is between $41,849 and $69,924.

How much is an acre of alfalfa worth?

In this example, the standing value for the entire alfalfa field could range from $230 to $360/acre for the entire growing season. Keep in mind ownership costs can run $300- 400/acre when the seller considers lost rent, establishment costs and top-dress fertilizer to maintain soil fertility.

How much hay will 100 acres produce?

At 65lbs per bale (which can vary significantly, but whatever), that’s about 77 bales. So for 100 acres that’s about 7700 bales or about 250 tons of dry hay.

How much is a small bale of hay?

Hay bales by the ton.Hay gradeBale typeMax. price/ tonGrade 1Small square$224Large square$295Grade 2Small square$120Large round$1705 more rows

How much is a bale of hay worth?

Straw prices were steady and there is a demand for straw. Small square bales averaged $4.60 a bale (range of $2.00 to $6.00). Large square bale straw averaged $64.00 per bale (a range of $40.00 to $90.00). Large round bale straw averaged $58.00 per bale (a range of $40.00 – $85.00).

How much hay can you get from 1 acre?

The average U.S. dry hay yield (all types) dropped from 2.52 tons per acre in 2016 to 2.44 tons per acre in 2017. For alfalfa and alfalfa-grass mixtures, the average yield declined from 3.45 tons per acre in 2016 to 3.32 tons per acre in 2017.

Does hay grow back every year?

Some fields are always used to grow hay, and don’t require re-planting every year. In other cases, hay is a part of a crop rotation, where farmers plant different crops on the same field in different years. Hayseed can be a mixture of many types of seeds, with alfalfa, clover, and timothy being among the most common.

Can you sell hay?

Most states only allow farmers to sell hay produced in state. However, the Texas Department of Agriculture does have a hotline that allows farmers to sell hay produced out of state. When marketing hay for sale, you should keep local quarantines, such as the Federal Imported Fire Ant Quarantine, in mind.

Why do farmers leave hay bales in the field?

If they are scattered around the field the farmer is just waiting for a convenient time to pick them up and move them. If lined up along the edge of the field they are being stored there. Big round bales can handle being left outside, and even if the outside looks weathered the inside will be good for a year or longer.

How much does it cost to plant an acre of alfalfa?

Alfalfa has to be planted at around 25 pounds per acre if I remember correctly. A 50 pound bag of seed is around $200 last I heard a few years back, so $100 an acre just for seed. Probably $120-150 per acre including tillage costs.

How long after cutting hay can you bale it?

about three daysIt basically takes about three days of good weather to cure hay. This can be a challenge in late May or early June. A good strategy is to mow just before or right after a rain, because of the likelihood of good weather for the next few days.

How long is hay good for?

three yearsYou can store hay indefinitely if the stack is managed correctly; although, in humid climates, using hay within three years of harvest is ideal.