Question: How Do You Calculate Hay For Cattle?

What to feed cows when there is no hay?

Alternative feedstuffs used to decrease the dependency on alfalfa or grass hay include harvested corn stalks, millet hay, wheat straw, sorghum-sudan, cottonseed hulls, soybean hulls, wheat middlings, and corn gluten feed..

Do cows prefer hay or grass?

Cattle are able to tolerate dusty or even slightly moldy hay. The quality of hay will also depend on the type of cattle you are feeding. Mature beef cattle do well on plain hay but lactating cows require more protein. Palatable grass hay works well, as long it is cut while green and still growing.

How many cows can an acre support?

You may have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it takes 1.5 to 2 acres to feed a cow calf pair for 12 months. That means we should be able to have 10 to 13 cows. Let’s see how this rule-of-thumb holds up. It looks like our rule-of-thumb held up pretty good, 11 cows on 20 acres, is 1.8 acres per cow.

How old is a 400 lb calf?

At the Dickinson Research Extension Center, calves have been weaned successfully at 4 months of age, averaging 400 pounds, with no more complications than normal weaning.

What grass is bad for cows?

Small Grains (Barley, Oats, Rye, Ryegrass, Wheat, Triticale). Rapid growing, lush grasses can lead to grass tetany when grazing cattle. High-protein grasses may contribute to bloat. Nitrate toxicity risk increases with heavy nitrogen fertilization of cool-season grasses.

How many tons of hay does a cow need?

If the hay were 88% dry matter, on an “as-fed” basis, cows would eat about 32 (28 pounds/. 88) pounds daily. If there were 200 head of cows in the herd, it would take about 3.2 ton of this hay per day [(200 head x 32 lb/hd/da)/2000lb] not accounting for any waste.

How much hay does a 500 pound calf eat?

In general, a full feed of forage sorghum silage and 4 pounds of a soybean meal-grain supplement a head daily has given 1.7 to 2.0 pounds daily gain for 450- to 500-pound calves fed 125 days.

What is the best hay feeder for cattle?

Bextra Feeder basket design8,997,693 – the Bextra Feeder basket design. This new basket (modified cone) designed Bextra Feeder provides hay savings of up to 75 percent over conventional feeders and is much less costly and cumbersome than cone or chain feeders. Bextra is proven to be the best hay saver feeder on the market.

What is a good feed ration for cattle?

Cattle weighing 700 pounds or more should be fed a ration containing 11 percent crude protein in a ration composed of grain (usually corn, but barley and wheat are often also used), protein sources, and roughage.

Will cows stop eating when they are full?

If the nutrient concentration is such that it meets the cow’s requirements, cows with unlimited access to this high quality hay, will eat more than they need. Over-eating a forage will likely not hurt the cow, but will increase feed costs.

How many bales of hay does a cow eat per month?

The simple answer is that 6-9 round bales are needed to feed a cow over the winter. That’s one round bale of good quality hay per month.

How much grain does a calf eat per day?

pound calf will need to consume in the neighborhood of 7 to 8 pounds of grain daily. Small amounts of hay will compliment the grain ration for these 8 to 12 week old animals.

How many cows will a bale of hay feed?

As an example, a 30-cow herd would consume one 900-pound round bale per day. To feed a 30-cow herd, we could use one hay ring that is filled daily. But a better alternative would be to use three hay rings that are filled every three days.

What are the feed requirements for cattle?

The average DM (Dry matter) requirement of desi cow is 2 (dry) to 2.5 (lactating) Kg. / 100 Kg. body weight / day while it is 2.5 (dry) to 3.0 Kg….Thumb rule for cattle feeding.Maintenance requirement of desi cow and crossbred cow / buffalo is 1 and 1.5 Kg. … Lactating animal should be given 1 Kg.More items…

How long does it take a calf to reach 500 lbs?

It will take over a year (367 days) to grow a 500-pound calf to 1,000 pounds if its average daily weight gain is 1.5 pounds per day. Some exten sive forage-finishing systems may require a longer duration for calves to reach slaughter weight if forage quality and quantity restrict growth to no more than 1 pound per day.

What is the cheapest way to feed cattle?

“Corn residue is one of the lowest cost forages on a cost per pound of energy. That’s why mixing a high energy and protein feed like distillers’ grains with a low quality forage like corn stalks is so cost effective. Distillers’ is often a low-cost source of both energy and protein.

Can cows survive on grass alone?

Contrary to the common mis-information, a cow should not live on grass alone. While lush summertime grass is great, the dormant grass we have in the winter in the Dakotas does not contain enough nutrients (both protein and carbohydrates are lacking) to properly maintain a pregnant cow.

What breed of cattle is most profitable?

What breed of cattle is most profitable?Angus: This is the most popular breed of beef cattle. … Highland Cattle: Though they are not as popular as they once were, they are still in demand by people who know love their meat. … Hereford: They can survive in almost all climatic conditions.

What is the best way to feed hay to cattle?

He suggests the following steps:Feed hay in small amounts or in a feeder to minimize waste. … Feed hay in well-drained areas.If you intend to feed hay in a single location all winter, provide a footing such as crushed gravel or concrete to help minimize mud. … Feed hay stored outside before hay stored inside.Dec 3, 2013

What is the best grain for cattle?

CornCorn has the highest energy value and is likely the most economical grain in corn-producing localities. Corn, oats, and barley are the primary grains fed to cattle. Oats, which has a lower energy value due to its high fiber content, is considered the “safest” grain in regards to potential digestive disturbances.

How much hay does a cow need per day?

The dry cow will consume 26.4 pounds/day of average quality grass hay on a 100% dry matter basis. However, the hay is actually 90% dry matter which means that the cow will consume 29.3 pounds on an “as-fed” basis.